Black Spruce Essential Oil

Distillation Method:
Steam
Country of Origin:
Canada
Plant Part:
Needles and Twigs
Latin Name:
Picea mariana
Cultivation:
Naturally Grown

About the Oil: Black Spruce has a warm, inviting Evergreen aroma, and is frequently mentioned in the Aroma Medicine literature for its adrenal and respiratory supportive effects.

Grouped product items
Product Name Qty
5mL
$6.00
Qty.
-
+
10mL
$10.05
Qty.
-
+
30mL
$19.73
Qty.
-
+
60mL
$33.50
Qty.
-
+
120mL
$83.60
Qty.
-
+
Sample
$2.06
Qty.
-
+

Drops per ml

Blending Tips

58

Chemical Families

Monoterpenes
66.19%
Esters
26.96%
Monoterpenols
3.14%

Primary Constituents

borneol acetate
26.64%
alpha pinene
19.31%
camphene
17.73%
3-careen
9.6%
beta pinene
5.53%
Description

ABOUT THE PLANT

Picea mariana is a slow-growing, small, upright coniferous evergreen tree with a straight trunk with little taper and a narrow, pointed crown of short, compact, drooping branches with upturned tips.

ABOUT THE OIL

Black Spruce essential oil is steam distilled from the needles and twigs of Canadian Black Spruce trees. This essential oil is similar to the Eastern Hemlock variety but a little more 'deep forest' in aroma, whereas the Hemlock has a brighter 'Christmas tree' scent. The aroma is both calming and elevating, excellent for yoga and meditative use, or uplifting the atmosphere of any space.

Therapeutic Properties

THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS

From Kate & Peter Damian’s Aromatherapy: Scent and Psyche1:

  • Antiseptic
  • Expectorant
  • Antitussive
  • Powerful massage treatment
  • Relieves muscular aches and pains
  • A bracing, revitalizing tonic
  • Simultaneously elevating and grounding
  • Enhances yoga and meditation

PROPERTIES OF BLACK SPRUCE REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH

  • Anti-inflammatory2
  • Antibacterial3
  • Antioxidant3
  • Pain-Reliever4
  • Anti-Cancer5

SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES

  • Extract from black spruce significantly affected inflammatory responses in vitro and may be useful for the topical treatment of psoriasis.2
  • Black spruce essential oil was found to have strong antibacterial and antioxidant activity in vitro.3
  • A study in mice found that bornyl acetate, one of the main constituents of black spruce essential oil, has both anti-inflammatory and analgesic activities.4
  • Bornyl acetate significantly inhibited the growth of human breast adenocarcinoma cancer cells in vitro.5
  • Bornyl acetate was shown to significantly reduce lung inflammatory responses in mice and may be useful "as a preventive agent for lung inflammatory diseases."6
  • Bornyl acetate had a significant effect on increasing natural human anti-inflammatory modulators in vitro. The researchers propose that these results "suggest the therapeutic potentials of bornyl acetate in patients with [osteoarthritis]".7

REFERENCES

1 Damian, Peter, and Kate Damian. Aromatherapy: Scent and Psyche. Inner Traditions/Bear & Co, 1995.

2 García-Pérez, Martha-Estrella, et al. ““Picea Mariana Polyphenolic Extract Inhibits Phlogogenic Mediators Produced by TNF-α-activated Psoriatic Keratinocytes: Impact on NF-κB Pathway.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 151, no. 1, 2014, pp. 265–278., doi:10.1016/j.jep.2013.10.034.

3 Poaty, Bouddah, et al. “Composition, Antimicrobial and Antioxidant Activities of Seven Essential Oils from the North American Boreal Forest.” World Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 31, no. 6, June 2015, pp. 907–919., doi:10.1007/s11274-015-1845-y.

4 Wu, Xiaosong, et al. “Studies on the Analgesic and Anti-Inflammatory Effect of Bornyl Acetate in Volatile Oil from Amomum Villosum.” Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials, vol. 27, no. 6, 1 June 2004, pp. 438–439.

5 Karan, Tunay, et al. “Inhibition of Various Cancer Cells Proliferation of Bornyl Acetate and Essential Oil from Inula Graveolens (Linnaeus) Desf.” Records of Natural Products, vol. 12, no. 3, 2018, pp. 273–283., doi:10.25135/rnp.30.17.09.057.

6 Chen, Na, et al. “Inhibition of Lung Inflammatory Responses by Bornyl Acetate Is Correlated with Regulation of Myeloperoxidase Activity.” Journal of Surgical Research, vol. 186, no. 1, Jan. 2014, pp. 436–445., doi:10.1016/j.jss.2013.09.003.

7 Yang, He, et al. “Bornyl Acetate Has an Anti-Inflammatory Effect in Human Chondrocytes via Induction of IL-11.” IUBMB Life, vol. 66, no. 12, Dec. 2014, pp. 854–859., doi:10.1002/iub.1338

Application

INHALATION

  • Wonderful in small quantities in a diffuser or oil lamp. We like adding it to a humidifier.
  • The vital etheric energy (prana) condensed and and transmitted in and by black spruce effectively vibrates throughout the respiratory, nervous and glandular systems.

TOPICAL

  • Black Spruce is noted as a powerful massage oil component for muscles and joints, greatly stimulating circulation. Dilute to less than 10% in your favorite carrier oil and massage into sore muscles and joints.
Aromatherapy Details

This Black Spruce oil has a bright citrus and floral top note, a distinctly green and resinous pine menthol and eucalyptus middle note with undertones that are slightly balsamic and deeply wooded. The top note is a touch brighter than the Tsuga canadensis (Spruce or 'Hemlock' oil) and has a slightly spiced, Anise-like and balsamic undertone.

Black Spruce blends well with Pine and all other 'needle oils', Cedarwood, Lavender and Rosemary.

Safety

Black Spruce is considered non-toxic, a non irritant and non-sensitizing. Regardless, this is an aromatically powerful oil and its medical effects are felt in low concentrations. Always test a small amount first for sensitivity or allergic reaction.

If pregnant or breast-feeding, consult a physician prior to use.