Geranium Absolute

Distillation Method:
Solvent-Extracted
Country of Origin:
India
Plant Part:
Tops and Flowers
Latin Name:
Pelargonium x asperum
Cultivation:
Naturally Grown

THIS OIL IS A DISCONTINUE ITEM, GET SUPPLIES WHILE THEY LAST!

About the Oil: As well as having a balancing effect on the mind and emotions, this uplifting essential oil has a great allover balancing property which extends all the way out to the skin.

Drops per ml

Blending Tips

43

Chemical Families

Ester
N/A
Sesquiterpene
N/A
Monoterpenol
N/A
Description

ABOUT THE PLANT

Often planted around the home for protection, beauty, and aroma, Geranium is a familiar perennial shrub that grows in stands between three four feet high in herb gardens. The shrub has pointed leaves that are serrated at the edges and hosts delightful pink to white flowers. The name Geranium derives from the Greek word geranos or ‘crane' because the seed pods resemble the shape of crane's bills.

The plants originated from South Africa, as well as Egypt, Madagascar, and Morocco, and were introduced to European countries such as Italy, Spain and France in the 17th century. Although there are nearly 700 different varieties of Geranium only ten of these supply essential oil in viable quantities and only the scented varieties of Pelargonium are used for the essential oil. Geranium essential oil was first distilled in 1819 for use in the French perfume industry for ‘rose geranium oil'.

ABOUT THE OIL

Our Geranium absolute oil is a solvent extraction from the tops and flowers of plants naturally grown in Egypt. The oil is a light 'peridot' green with an aroma that is rich, almost “spicy, incredibly fresh, complex and full-bodied. It is also a sub-species of Pelargonium graviolens, called ""x asperum"", especially known for it's anti-microbial properties.

There are in fact two species of Pelargonium distilled to essential oil: 'graveolens', which is the common Geranium, and 'odorantissium' or 'Rose Geranium' oil. Rose Geranium is high in geraniol with a more rose-like aroma than this 'graveolens' species that produces an oil with a higher citronellol content, and a correspondingly more citrus-noted aroma.

OF INTEREST

First used as an elixir for anxiety, Geranium was used by the ancestors as a remedy for wounds and skin care.

Therapeutic Properties

THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS

From Chrissie Wildwood’s The Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy1:

  • Antidepressant
  • Astringent
  • Deodorant
  • Diuretic
  • Hemostatic
  • Vulnerary
  • Refreshing & uplifting

From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy2:

  • Recommended in a bath for regulating the nervous system
  • Uplifting & sedative
  • Calms the mind
  • Relaxes the body
  • Eases frustration & irritability
  • Ideal for reconnecting with “imagination, intuition, and sensory experience”

PROPERTIES OF GERANIUM REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH

  • Antioxidant3,4
  • Anti-cancer3
  • Antifungal4,5
  • Oral anti-inflammatory5
  • Antibacterial6
  • Antidiabetic7
  • Mite control8

SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES

  • Geranium essential oil was tested for antioxidant and anti-cancer activity in vitro. The results showed that the oil has significant antioxidant properties and also killed leukemia cancer cells in a cell culture.3
  • Geranium essential oil was tested against multiple fungal species and was found to have strong antifungal activity. This study also reported significant antioxidant activity as well.4
  • A gel containing geranium was used in patients with oral inflammation from wearing dentures and was shown to be highly effective in clearing the inflammation and in killing the fungal infection that contributes to the inflammation.5
  • Geranium essential oil was found to have significant antibacterial effects against multiple strains of bacteria tested in vitro.6
  • Oral doses of geranium essential oil administered to diabetic rats was found to significantly lower serum glucose levels and may have potential "as a safe alternative antihyperglycemic drug for diabetic patients."7
  • Geraniol and beta-citronellol, the two main constituents of geranium essential oil, were found to be toxic to mites. They were more effective than DEET and have excellent potential as mite-control agents.8

REFERENCES

1 Wildwood, Christine. Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy. Healing Arts Press, 2000.

2 Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holistic Aromatherapy, 2003.

3 Fayed, Sayed A. “Antioxidant and Anticancer Activities of Citrus Reticulate (Petitgrain Mandarin) and Pelargonium Graveolens (Geranium) Essential Oils.” Research Journal of Agriculture and Biological Sciences, vol. 5, no. 5, 2009, pp. 740–747.

4 Dzamic, Ana M. “Chemical Composition, Antifungal and Antioxidant Activity of Pelargonium Graveolens Essential Oil.” Journal of Applied Pharmaceutical Science, vol. 4, no. 3, Mar. 2013, pp. 01–05., doi:10.7324/japs.2014.40301.

5 Sabzghabaee, Alimohammad, et al. “Clinical Evaluation of the Essential Oil of Pelargonium Graveolens for the Treatment of Denture Stomatitis.” Dental Research Journal, vol. 8, no. Suppl.1, Dec. 2011, pp. S105–S108., doi:10.4103/1735-3327.95236.

6 Ghannadi, A et al. “Antibacterial Activity and Composition of Essential Oils from Pelargonium Graveolens L’Her and Vitex Agnus-Castus L.” Iranian Journal of Microbiology, no. 4, vol. 4, 2012, pp. 171–176.

7 Boukhris, Maher, et al. “Hypoglycemic and Antioxidant Effects of Leaf Essential Oil of Pelargonium Graveolens L’Her in Alloxan Induced Diabetic Rats.” Lipids in Health and Disease, vol. 11, no. 1, June 2012, p. 81., doi:10.1186/1476-511x-11-81.

8 Jeon, J. H. “Mite-Control Activities of Active Constituents Isolated from Pelargonium Graveolens against House Dust Mites.” Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology, vol. 18, no. 10, Oct. 2010, pp. 1666–1671.

Aromatherapy Details

Geranium has a bright, lightly floral aroma, with delicate and intricate notes, that is at the same time rich, almost “spicy, incredibly fresh, complex and full-bodied.

The delicate characteristics of this oil mean that it has the potential to blend well with a wide array of essential oils including: Eucalyptus, Lavender, Clary Sage, Rose, Lime, Orange, Frankincense, Grapefruit, and Ylang Ylang.

Safety

Generally non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitizing. Always test a small amount first for sensitivity or allergic reaction. Use caution to avoid use with dermatitis in hypersensitive persons.

Avoid use during pregnancy or when breast-feeding. If intending to ingest this oil, consultation with a physician is recommended.