Chamomile (German) CO2
- Distillation Method:
- Country of Origin:
- Plant Part:
- Latin Name:
- Matricaria recutita
- Naturally Grown
About the Oil: Considered one of the gentlest essential oils, German chamomile is highly regarded in for its soothing properties and is particularly beneficial for children. Our ‘Blue' Chamomile has a wide range of healing properties that surpass most other oils.
Note: CO2 extracts generally include some larger molecules compared to their steam-distilled counterparts. Some may not be suitable for use in a nebulizing diffuser (unless blended with a thinner oil) – though most will be just fine in an ‘ultrasonic’ unit. Learn more about CO2 extracts on our Making Essential Oils page.
Drops per mlBlending Tips
ABOUT THE PLANT
Also known as Hungarian Chamomile or Blue Chamomile, this fragrant annual herb grows up to 60 cm tall and has branching stems with delicate feather leaves and simple daisy-like white flowers on each stem. It is native to Europe and Asia and was brought to North America and Australia for the commercial production of its oil. Our German Chamomile is sourced from flowers organically grown in Germany and distilled with a classic steam method as well as the more recent cool-process CO2 method.
ABOUT THE OIL
The steam distilled essential oil is excellent for all classic aromatherapy applications and has a deep blue color. The CO2 distillation is blue/green, indicating a high level of natural matricin. Harvesting the flowers at the beginning of flowering and drying the flowers at 40-45 degrees centigrade yields the best essential oil with the highest content of matricin. This very strong anti-inflammatory constituent turns to the deep blue chamazuline with the application of heat, such as in steam distillation. The changed constituent loses some of its anti-inflammatory power in the heating process.
The CO2 distillation has a naturally thicker texture which may need warming to pour but has a fantastic aroma and is very highly recommended. Its sesquiterpene (chamazulene) and sesquiterpenol (α-bisabolol) content may account for a wide range of healing properties that are hard to find in comparable strength in any other oils. This particular oil is considered a high alpha-bisabolol chemotype at 16% of its overall volume. The high alpha-bisabolol chemotype is specifically recommended by Dr. Kurt Schnaubelt in 'Advanced Aromatherapy'. Along with Helichrysum, German Chamomile is one of the most potent anti-inflammatory essential oils.
Since antiquity chamomile flowers have been used internally for digestive problems and externally for skin and mucous membrane irritations. It has been difficult to ascertain which species were used historically, since many plants in the same family have been referred to with the common name of Chamomile.
German 'Blue' Chamomile Essential Oil has that 'deep water' cooling and enveloping influence which soothes and relieves. The herb has a long-standing tradition, especially in Europe, for all states of tension and the visceral symptoms that can arise therefrom, such as nervous dyspepsia, and nervous bowel, tension headaches, sleeplessness.
The botanical name of Chamomile, "Martricaria" meaning ""caring for the womb”, finds its echo in folk medicine that has emphasized chamomile's connection with the female system.
The essential oil is extensively used in cosmetics, soaps, detergents, high-class perfumes and hair and bath products. Used as a flavor ingredient in most major food categories, including alcoholic and soft drinks. German chamomile flowers are also used as an herbal tea.
THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS
From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy1:
- Relieves muscular aches and pains
- Relaxing to the nerves
- Relieves spasms
- Considered one of the gentlest essential oils
From Maria Lis-Balchin’s Aromatherapy Science: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals2:
- Relieves respiratory inflammation
- Heals oral sores and infections
- Topical hemorrhoid treatment
PROPERTIES OF CHAMOMILE REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH
- Psychological & physiological benefits
SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES
- In a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study in patients with mild to moderate generalized anxiety disorder, oral doses of chamomile extract in capsules were taken by subjects over an 8-week period. The study found that individuals in the group that took chamomile had significantly reduced anxiety scores compared to the placebo group.3
- An exploratory 8-week study showed that taking doses of chamomile extract significantly reduced depression scores in subjects with co-morbid anxiety and depression symptoms.4
- Mice were experimentally induced with ischemic stroke and treated with chamomile extract. The mice that received chamomile showed significant motor function recovery following the stroke.5
- The chemical apigenin found in chamomile was found to minimize motor activity in rats and is likely responsible for the sedative effects of chamomile.6
- Mice treated with chamomile had increased resistance to induced seizures.7
- Chamomile extract was found to have significant antioxidant and antidiarrheal effects in rats.8
- Rats given chamomile extract in their drinking water exhibited significantly faster wound-healing compared to those given just plain water.9
- A randomized, single-blinded trial in patients with type-2 diabetes reported that subjects who consumed chamomile tea following meals, 3 times a day for 8 weeks, had improved glycemic control compared to the control group who only drank plain water after meals.10
1 Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holystic Aromatherapy, 2003.
2 Lis-Balchin, Maria. Aromatherapy Science: A Guide for Healthcare Professionals. Pharmaceutical Press, 2006.
3 Amsterdam, Jay D., et al. “A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of Oral Matricaria Recutita (Chamomile) Extract Therapy for Generalized Anxiety Disorder.” Journal of Clinical Psychopharmacology, vol. 29, no. 4, 2009, pp. 378–382., doi:10.1097/jcp.0b013e3181ac935c.
4 Amsterdam, Jay D. et al. “Chamomile (Matricaria Recutita) May Have Antidepressant Activity in Anxious Depressed Humans - An Exploratory Study.” Alternative Therapies in Health and Medicine, vol. 18, no. 5, 2012, pp. 44–49.
5 Moshfegh, Azam, and Mahbubeh Setorki. “Neuroprotective Effect of Matricaria Chamomilla Extract on Motor Dysfunction Induced by Transient Global Cerebral Ischemia and Reperfusion in Rat.” Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences, vol. 19, no. 9, 30 Aug. 2017, doi:10.5812/zjrms.10927
6 Avallone, Rossella, et al. “Pharmacological Profile of Apigenin, a Flavonoid Isolated from Matricaria Chamomilla.” Biochemical Pharmacology, vol. 59, no. 11, 2000, pp. 1387–1394., doi:10.1016/s0006-2952(00)00264-1.
7 Heidari, M. R., et al. “Study of Antiseizure Effects of Matricaria Recutita Extract in Mice.”Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences, vol. 1171, no. 1, 2009, pp. 300–304., doi:10.1111/j.1749-6632.2009.04917.x.
8 Sebai, Hichem, et al. “Antidiarrheal and Antioxidant Activities of Chamomile (Matricaria Recutita L.) Decoction Extract in Rats.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 152, no. 2, 2014, pp. 327–332., doi:10.1016/j.jep.2014.01.015.
9 Nayak, B. Shivananda, et al. “Wound Healing Activity of Matricaria Recutita L. Extract.” Journal of Wound Care, vol. 16, no. 7, 2007, pp. 298–302., doi:10.12968/jowc.2007.16.7.27061.
10 Zemestani, Maryam, et al. “Chamomile Tea Improves Glycemic Indices and Antioxidants Status in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.” Nutrition, vol. 32, no. 1, 2016, pp. 66–72., doi:10.1016/j.nut.2015.07.011.
- direct inhalation, diffuser, oil vaporiser, steam inhalation
- massage, compress, ointment, bath, sitz bath, douche, skin care
- Concentration recommendations in your formulas are between 1% and 3% for the steam distilled oil, and between 0.1% and 0.3% for the CO2. 1mL is approximately 35 drops.
- Here are some tips for measuring: for 2% in one total ounce of carrier or blend is .5mL (~2224 drops) in 30mL (30mL = 1oz), for 1% in one total ounce of carrier or blend is 11 or 12 drops, 0.1% is one drop, 0.3% is 3 or 4 drops.
- For nervous tension or mild shock, rub a few drops into the solar plexus.
- For burns or skin inflammation, traditional use suggests applying 1 or 2 drops of German Chamomile to the affected area.
- A few drops may be added to a glass of water and taken internally for gastrointestinal upset.
The blue/green viscous CO2 oil has a potent, intensely sweet, herbaceous aroma with a fresh fruity undertone. If using if for purely aromatic purposes, Roman or Cape Chamomile may be the ideal choice.
Its deep aroma blends well with Geranium, Lavender, Pachouli, Rose, Benzoin, Neroli, Bergamot, Marjoram, Lemon, Ylang Ylang, Jasmine and Clary Sage.
Non-toxic, non-irritant and non-sensitizing. Though German 'Blue' Chamomile essential oil is considered extremely safe, always test a small amount first for sensitivity or allergic reaction. Due to the levels of the 'blue' chemicals, this oil MUST be kept to under 2% concentration or else it becomes a counter-inflammatory. According to Dr's. Franchomme and Penoell this may be an effect seen only in certain individuals. Others state it is safe under all circumstances.
If pregnant consult with a physician prior to use internally.