Basil (Spicy) Essential Oil

Distillation Method:
Steam
Country of Origin:
Vietnam
Plant Part:
Leaves and Tops
Latin Name:
Ocimum basilicum (c.t. methyl chavicol)
Cultivation:
Naturally Grown

About the Oil: Spicy' Basil essential oil (called ‘Spicy' for it's high methyl chavicol content), organically grown in, Vietnam has a minty, cooling aroma and reinforces resistance against infection. See also: Sweet Basil

Grouped product items
Product Name Qty
10mL
$9.08
Qty.
-
+
30mL
$13.33
Qty.
-
+
60mL
$22.91
Qty.
-
+
120mL
$36.72
Qty.
-
+
Sample
$3.09
Qty.
-
+

Drops per ml

Blending Tips

56

Chemical Families

Monoterpenols
98.12%
Sesquiterpenes
1.78
Esters
0.1%

Primary Constituents

estragole
85.22%
linalool
12.79%
humulene
1.11%
bergamotene
0.38%
3,7-nonadien-2-one
0.11%
Description

ABOUT THE PLANT

Our Basil essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves and flowering tops of the Basil herb. The basilicum species is also known as ‘common' or ‘true' Basil. This Methyl Chavicol type, also known as “Spicy”, “Exotic” and “Reunion” Basil, is organically grown in Vietnam.

ABOUT THE OIL

Basil essential oil has been referred to as 'the royal oil to strengthen the mind and heart, and to reinforce resistance against infectious diseases.' The linalool type is considered safer for topical use. Spicy Basil (the methyl carvol chemotype) is more well known for its use for respiratory and stomach problems.

OF INTEREST

The oil's capability to improve memory and sharpen the mind has been praised in India since times of old. In the 16th century, powdered leaves of Basil were inhaled. It is commonly used in Ayurveda to sharpen the mind and enhance memory. Hindus put basil sprigs on the chests of the dead to protect them from evil spirits while in transition between lives. Women in Italy wore the herb to attract suitors.

Therapeutic Properties

THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS

 From Chrissie Wildwood’s The Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy1:

  • Antiseptic
  • Antispasmodic
  • Carminative
  • Emmenagogic
  • Nervine
  • Stomachic
  • Tonic

From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy2:

  • Aids digestive disorders
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Calms spasmodic abdominal pain
  • Soothes asthmatic conditions
  • A warming oil that lifts the spirit
  • Stimulating
  • Uplifting & Clarifying

PROPERTIES OF BASIL REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH

  • Antibacterial3,4
  • Antifungal5
  • Antioxidant6
  • Protects against DNA damage6,7,8
  • Anti-cancer9,10
  • Food preservative11
  • Natural pesticide11

SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES

  • Basil oil was shown to kill Salmonella bacteria found in food.3
  • Basil was found to kill the Propionibacterium Acnes bacteria that cause acne in vitro.4
  • Basil oil inhibited fungal growth in vitro.5
  • Numerous compounds in basil oil, including both estragole and linalool, have insecticidal activity against fruit flies.11
  • Basil oil was found to have anti-proliferative activity against human mouth epidermal carcinoma and murine leukemia cancer cells in vitro.9
  • Basil oil was found to inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells and induce cell death in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro.10
  • Basil oil showed strong antibacterial activity against numerous human pathogenic bacteria known to cause infectious diseases, including Streptococcus pneumoniae (causes Pneumonia and Pneumococcal meningitis).13
  • Basil oil and especially estragole, the primary component in spicy basil, were found to promote DNA repair in rat liver cells.12
  • Antioxidant properties of linalool in basil oil showed protective activity against DNA damage.13

REFERENCES

1 Wildwood, Christine. Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy. Healing Arts Press, 2000.

2 Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holysitc Aromatherapy, 2003.

3 Rattanachaikunsopon, P., and Phumkhachorn, P. “Antimicrobial Activity of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum) Oil Against Salmonella Enteritidis in Vitro and in Food.”Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, vol. 74, no. 6, 2010, pp. 1200–1204., doi:10.1271/bbb.90939.

4 Viyoch, J., et al. “Evaluation of in Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Thai Basil Oils and Their Micro-Emulsion Formulas against Propionibacterium Acnes.” International Journal of Cosmetic Science, vol. 28, no. 2, 2006, pp. 125–133., doi:10.1111/j.1467-2494.2006.00308.x.

5 Oxenham, S. K., et al. “Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oil of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum).” Journal of Phytopathology, vol. 153, no. 3, 2005, pp. 174–180., doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.00952.x.

6 Berić, Tanja, et al. “Protective Effect of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.) against Oxidative DNA Damage and Mutagenesis.” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 46, no. 2, 2008, pp. 724–732., doi:10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.102.

7 Müller, Lutz, et al. “The Genotoxic Potential in Vitro and in Vivo of the Allyl Benzene Etheric Oils Estragole, Basil Oil and Trans-Anethole.” Mutation Research Letters, vol. 325, no. 4, 1994, pp. 129–136., doi:10.1016/0165-7992(94)90075-2.

8 Hanif, M.A.,et al. "Essential oil composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of unexplored Omani basil." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5.5 (2011): 751-757.

9 Manosroi, J., et al. “Anti-Proliferative Activity of Essential Oil Extracted from Thai Medicinal Plants on KB and P388 Cell Lines.” Cancer Letters, vol. 235, no. 1, 2006, pp. 114–120., doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2005.04.021.

10 Shimizu, T., et al. “Holy Basil Leaf Extract Decreases Tumorigenicity and Metastasis of Aggressive Human Pancreatic Cancer Cells in Vitro and in Vivo: Potential Role in Therapy.” Cancer Letters, vol. 336, no. 2, 2013, pp. 270–280., doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2013.03.017.

11 Chang, Chiou Ling, et al. “Insecticidal Activity of Basil Oil, Trans-Anethole, Estragole, and Linalool to Adult Fruit Flies of Ceratitis Capitata, Bactrocera Dorsalis, and Bactrocera Cucurbitae.” Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 102, no. 1, 2009, pp. 203–209., doi:10.1603/029.102.0129.

Application

PERSONALITY

  • Basil oil is recommended for those in need of protection, due either to debilitating illness and low resistance levels, or nervous exhaustion, a constitutional weakness of a change in life resulting in feelings of vulnerability. Ocimum basilicum is remarkably relaxing, due to its high methyl ether content.
  • It is noted as a natural nerve tonic, with the ability to be stimulant and/or restorative depending on the body's needs. It has been noted as 'adaptogenic' regarding this ability.

INHALATION

  • direct inhalation, diffuser, oil vaporiser
  • For use in a diffuser it's a matter of personal aroma preference to use this or the methyl chavicol chemotype. To make a really nice oil, we highly suggest blending the two together!

TOPICAL

  • Not recommended for topical use.

INGESTION

  • We've used the oil in culinary applications with great success, adding a pronounced, rich basil flavor. As with all essential oils, it is quite potent–the difference between 2 and 4 drops in a dish can mean the difference between appreciating its sublime flavor and tasting, well, only Basil!
Aromatherapy Details

This methyl chavcol Basil essential oil has a minty sweet and spicy aroma, with a light balsamic undertone and offers a distinctive licorice-like note. Its aroma blends nicely with many other oils like Bergamot, Peppermint, Eucalyptus, among others.

If you're a great fan of Basil, creating your own blend of this oil and the ‘Sweet' Basil essential oil can make a really wonderful, complex scent.

Safety

Non-toxic with possible sensitivity in some individuals. The methyl chavicol chemotype is not recommended for topical use. Over-use of Basil should be avoided as it can over-stimulate the nervous system. Always test a small amount of essential oil first for sensitivity or allergic reaction.

Do not use if pregnant.