Basil (Sweet) Essential Oil

Distillation Method:
Steam
Country of Origin:
Nepal
Plant Part:
Leaves and Tops
Latin Name:
Ocinum basilicum (c.t. linalool)
Cultivation:
Certified Organic

About the Oil: This is a lovely, rich Sweet Basil organically grown in Nepal. Basil essential oil has a wide array of applications from sharpening the mental state to relieving fatigue. Its complex aroma has slightly green and balsamic undertones, and this linalool chemotype in particular is found to be sweeter, and considered the safest, of all Basil varieties. See also: Spicy Basil

Grouped product items
Product Name Qty
10mL
$11.29
Qty.
-
+
30mL
$26.01
Qty.
-
+
60mL
$64.72
Qty.
-
+
120mL
$115.52
Qty.
-
+
Sample
$2.06
Qty.
-
+

Drops per ml

Blending Tips

56

Chemical Families

Monoterpenols
53.99%
Sesquiterpenes
21.01%
Monoterpenes
14.28%

Primary Constituents

linalool
48.72%
eucalyptol
10.87%
eugenol
5.13%
beta elemene
4.88%
trans alpha bergamotene
4.57%
Description

ABOUT THE PLANT

Our Sweet Basil essential oil is steam distilled from the leaves and tops of the basil plant. A tender-leaved, powerfully aromatic annual herb, Basil is a native species to tropical Asia and Africa. This variety is also known as 'sweet'', 'true', and 'European' Basil and has a linalool chemotype.

ABOUT THE OIL

Basil essential oil has been referred to as 'the royal oil to strengthen the mind and heart and to reinforce resistance against infectious diseases.' The linalool type is considered safer for topical use. Spicy Basil (the methyl carvol chemotype) is more well known for its use for respiratory and stomach problems.

OF INTEREST

The oil's capability to improve memory and sharpen the mind has been praised in India since times of old. In the 16th century, powdered leaves of Basil were inhaled. It is commonly used in Ayurveda to sharpen the mind and enhance memory. Hindus put basil sprigs on the chests of the dead to protect them from evil spirits while in transition between lives. Women in Italy wore the herb to attract suitors.

Therapeutic Properties

THERAPEUTICS DESCRIBED BY AROMATHERAPY SPECIALISTS

 From Chrissie Wildwood’s The Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy1:

  • Antiseptic
  • Antispasmodic
  • Carminative
  • Emmenagogic
  • Nervine
  • Stomachic
  • Tonic

From Salvatore Battaglia’s The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy2:

  • Aids digestive disorders
  • Aphrodisiac
  • Calms spasmodic abdominal pain
  • Soothes asthmatic conditions
  • A warming oil that lifts the spirit
  • Stimulating
  • Uplifting & Clarifying

PROPERTIES OF BASIL REPORTED IN PEER-REVIEWED RESEARCH

  • Antibacterial3,4
  • Antifungal5
  • Antioxidant6
  • Protects against DNA damage6,7,8
  • Anti-cancer9,10
  • Food preservative11
  • Natural pesticide11
  • Antidepressant12
  • Sedative12

SUMMARY OF RESEARCH STUDIES

  • Basil oil was shown to kill Salmonella bacteria found in food.3
  • Basil was found to kill the Propionibacterium Acnes bacteria that cause acne in vitro.4
  • Basil oil inhibited fungal growth in vitro.5
  • Numerous compounds in basil oil, including both estragole and linalool, have insecticidal activity against fruit flies.11
  • Basil oil was found to have anti-proliferative activity against human mouth epidermal carcinoma and murine leukemia cancer cells in vitro.9
  • Basil oil was found to inhibit the proliferation, migration, and invasion of pancreatic cancer cells and induce cell death in pancreatic cancer cells in vitro.10
  • Basil oil showed strong antibacterial activity against numerous human pathogenic bacteria known to cause infectious diseases, including Streptococcus pneumoniae (causes Pneumonia and Pneumococcal meningitis).8
  • Basil oil was found to promote DNA repair in rat liver cells.6
  • Antioxidant properties of linalool, the primary component in sweet basil essential oil, showed protective activity against DNA damage.7
  • Beta-pinene and linalool isolated from Mexican bay leaf essential oil were found to have significant antidepressant-like effects in rodents. The study also showed evidence of a sedative effect of both compounds as well.12

REFERENCES

1 Wildwood, Christine. Encyclopedia of Aromatherapy. Healing Arts Press, 2000.

2 Battaglia, Salvatore. The Complete Guide to Aromatherapy. International Centre of Holysitc Aromatherapy, 2003.

3 Rattanachaikunsopon, P., and Phumkhachorn, P. “Antimicrobial Activity of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum) Oil Against Salmonella Enteritidis in Vitro and in Food.”Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry, vol. 74, no. 6, 2010, pp. 1200–1204., doi:10.1271/bbb.90939.

4 Viyoch, J., et al. “Evaluation of in Vitro Antimicrobial Activity of Thai Basil Oils and Their Micro-Emulsion Formulas against Propionibacterium Acnes.” International Journal of Cosmetic Science, vol. 28, no. 2, 2006, pp. 125–133., doi:10.1111/j.1467-2494.2006.00308.x.

5 Oxenham, S. K., et al. “Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oil of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum).” Journal of Phytopathology, vol. 153, no. 3, 2005, pp. 174–180., doi:10.1111/j.1439-0434.2005.00952.x.

6 Berić, Tanja, et al. “Protective Effect of Basil (Ocimum Basilicum L.) against Oxidative DNA Damage and Mutagenesis.” Food and Chemical Toxicology, vol. 46, no. 2, 2008, pp. 724–732., doi:10.1016/j.fct.2007.09.102.

7 Müller, Lutz, et al. “The Genotoxic Potential in Vitro and in Vivo of the Allyl Benzene Etheric Oils Estragole, Basil Oil and Trans-Anethole.” Mutation Research Letters, vol. 325, no. 4, 1994, pp. 129–136., doi:10.1016/0165-7992(94)90075-2.

8 Hanif, M.A.,et al. "Essential oil composition, antimicrobial and antioxidant activities of unexplored Omani basil." Journal of Medicinal Plants Research 5.5 (2011): 751-757.

9 Manosroi, J., et al. “Anti-Proliferative Activity of Essential Oil Extracted from Thai Medicinal Plants on KB and P388 Cell Lines.” Cancer Letters, vol. 235, no. 1, 2006, pp. 114–120., doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2005.04.021.

10 Shimizu, T., et al. “Holy Basil Leaf Extract Decreases Tumorigenicity and Metastasis of Aggressive Human Pancreatic Cancer Cells in Vitro and in Vivo: Potential Role in Therapy.” Cancer Letters, vol. 336, no. 2, 2013, pp. 270–280., doi:10.1016/j.canlet.2013.03.017.

11 Chang, Chiou Ling, et al. “Insecticidal Activity of Basil Oil, Trans-Anethole, Estragole, and Linalool to Adult Fruit Flies of Ceratitis Capitata, Bactrocera Dorsalis, and Bactrocera Cucurbitae.” Journal of Economic Entomology, vol. 102, no. 1, 2009, pp. 203–209., doi:10.1603/029.102.0129.

12 Guzmán-Gutiérrez, S.L., et al. “Antidepressant Activity of Litsea Glaucescens Essential Oil: Identification of β-Pinene and Linalool as Active Principles.” Journal of Ethnopharmacology, vol. 143, no. 2, 2012, pp. 673–679., doi:10.1016/j.jep.2012.07.026.

 

Application

PERSONALITY

  • Basil oil is recommended for those in need of protection, due either to debilitating illness and low resistance levels, nervous exhaustion, a constitutional weakness of a change in life resulting in feelings of vulnerability. Ocimum basilicum is remarkably relaxing, due to its high methyl ether content.
  • It is noted as a natural nerve tonic, with the ability to be stimulant and/or restorative depending on the body's needs. It has been noted as 'adaptogenic' regarding this ability.

INHALATION

  • direct inhalation, diffuser, oil vaporizer
  • For use in a diffuser it's a matter of personal aroma preference to use this or the methyl chavicol chemotype. To make a really nice oil, we highly suggest blending the two together!

INGESTION

  • We've used the oil in culinary applications with great success, adding a pronounced, rich basil flavor. As with all essential oils, it is quite potent–the difference between 2 and 4 drops in a dish can mean the difference between appreciating its sublime flavor and tasting, well, only Sweet Basil!
Aromatherapy Details

This wonderfully sweet, complex basil is the nicest we've ever had the opportunity to try. A sweetly-spiced, grassy and fresh top note on a distinctly round, full bodied balsamic and wood undertone generate uplifting, awakening, clarifying and stimulating effects.; Sweeter than the methyl chavicol type, this Basil oil is an excellent choice for a wide array of aromatherapy applications. It blends and balances nicely with Bergamot, Peppermint and Eucalyptus oils.

Safety

Non-toxic and non-irritant with possible sensitivity in some individuals. The linalool chemotype is considered the safest of all Basil varieties. Over-use of Basil should be avoided as it can over-stimulate the nervous system. Always test a small amount of essential oil first for sensitivity or allergic reaction.

Do not use if pregnant.